Mobile wallets offer convenience and security. Users can make payments from credit cards, use gift cards, or store airline tickets on their phones or smartwatches. While digital wallets rose in popularity during the pandemic, they’re here to stay. They offer a secure way to store card information and even transfer money to other people. Read on to learn what a mobile wallet is and why you need one.
What is a mobile wallet?
A mobile wallet is a digital application or platform that allows users to store and manage their payment information, such as credit card details and bank account information, securely on their mobile devices. With a mobile wallet, you can make in-store and online payments using your mobile phone. Mobile wallets eliminate the need for physical cash or credit cards.
As long as the company accepts credit card payments and offers contactless payment options, you should be able to pay with a mobile wallet. Mobile wallets have many advantages, from increased security and reduced theft risk to added convenience. As most people always carry their phones, you’ll also reduce the risk of stolen cash or credit cards while traveling.
Digital wallets vs. mobile wallets
Digital and mobile wallets are very similar in function but differ in where they’re stored. A digital wallet stores payment information on your computer, laptop, or mobile device. A mobile wallet is a digital wallet specifically on your mobile device, like a smartphone or a watch.
Mobile wallets allow you to make contactless purchases in-store at the checkout as part of a point of sale (POS) system. You simply scan your phone like a credit card, verify the purchase with a face ID, click a button, or enter a security code.
How does a mobile wallet work?
Creating and using a mobile wallet requires just a few simple setup steps. First, you enter your card information into the digital wallet app or website. Some card issuers will allow you to automatically link a credit card to the digital app with a single click or confirmation.
The information is encrypted once you enter the card information in the mobile wallet. Each time you want to use a card, you’ll need to unlock the device and authorize the payment. To make a payment, you must hold the mobile phone or smartwatch close to the contactless terminal and confirm the payment.
Types of mobile wallets
Three main types of mobile wallets are available: open, closed, and semi-closed. Each has advantages and disadvantages. Below is what you need to know.
1. Open wallets
Open wallets are mobile wallets that allow users to transact with any merchant or service provider. They are not limited to a specific network or brand. Open mobile wallets allow users to store various forms of payment, such as credit cards, debit cards, and cryptocurrencies, on their mobile devices, offering a more versatile and inclusive payment approach.
Open wallets leverage near-field communication (NFC) technology, which enables contactless payments by simply tapping or waving the mobile device near a compatible payment terminal. Apple Pay, Google Pay, and Revolut are popular open wallets.
2. Closed wallets
Closed wallets, sometimes called closed-loop wallets, are mobile wallets associated with a specific brand or network. A particular company or organization such as a mobile network operator or a retail chain usually provides them.
Unlike open mobile wallets, which offer versatility and compatibility with multiple payment methods, closed wallets are designed for use within a restricted ecosystem. Examples of closed wallets include Starbucks Mobile App, Amazon Pay, and Walmart Pay.
With closed wallets, you can load funds onto the wallet or link them directly to your bank accounts or credit cards. You can integrate your closed wallet with loyalty programs to earn rewards or discounts for closed wallet transactions.
Advantages of closed wallets center around their restricted environment. They can provide a seamless and tailored user experience or offer exclusive benefits or discounts for using the wallet within the network. The closed nature also means that users will need alternative digital wallets for other payments.
3. Semi-closed wallets
Semi-closed wallets are a hybrid form of mobile wallets that offer a balance between open and closed wallets. Non Banking entities typically issue them, and they can be used for transactions with a select group of merchants or service providers.
With semi-closed wallets, users can load funds onto the wallet or link them to bank accounts or credit cards. The funds can be used for transactions within the network of affiliated merchants or service providers. Paytm Wallet is an example of a semi-closed wallet.
Semi-closed wallets balance the convenience and exclusivity of closed wallets and the interoperability of open wallets. Offering a compromise, a semi-closed wallet may be the perfect solution for some users while falling short on compatibility and flexibility for other users.
How to choose the right mobile wallet
Choosing the right mobile wallet depends on how you use it. For many users, their mobile phone dictates mobile wallet options. You should also consider security, ease of use, and merchant acceptance. Here’s how each matters.
1. Ensure compatibility
Ensure that the mobile wallet you choose is compatible with your smartphone’s operating system. For most users, that is either iOS (Apple) or Android. If you use a less-common operating system you’ll be limited in mobile wallet solutions.
2. Security features
Features such as encryption, biometric authentication (fingerprint or face recognition), and two-factor authentication can protect against unauthorized access. This is a standard feature on most smartphones, but double-checking the security features of mobile wallets is essential before inputting credit card information.
3. Supported payment methods
Check whether the mobile wallet supports the payment methods you frequently use. It should be compatible with your credit or debit cards and any loyalty or reward cards you wish to add. For example, if you use American Express, ensure the digital wallet accepts this payment option. If you need to link your bank account, check that the mobile wallet offers this solution.
4. Merchant acceptance
Ensure that the mobile wallet you choose is widely accepted by merchants and retailers in your area. Some merchants may still use old credit card processing systems that don’t allow contactless payments, but this is increasingly rare.
5. Ease of use
Look for a mobile wallet with a user-friendly interface and intuitive features. Adding and managing payment methods, making payments, and tracking transactions should be easy. Some mobile wallets will also integrate with budgeting apps, allowing you to track spending effortlessly.
Benefits of using a mobile wallet
Here’s why you should consider using a mobile wallet .
1. Accessibility and convenience
Users can store multiple payment methods and access them all in one place, eliminating the need to carry physical cash or cards.
2. Increased Security
Mobile wallets use advanced encryption technology to protect sensitive payment information. They often require biometric authentication, such as fingerprint or facial recognition, adding an extra layer of security compared to traditional payment methods.
With face ID, passwords, or two-factor authentication, your digital wallet should be secure even if you lose the phone. Likewise, most phones offer options to delete the phone from a distance if the worst happens.
This also decreases the risk of theft because you have everything you need on your phone instead of carrying a physical wallet or purse that could be left or stolen.
3. Loyalty rewards
Many mobile wallets offer loyalty programs or reward points for using their services. For example, Apple cards offer more cash when you pay with a digital wallet. Venmo also offers bonus cash back in your greatest spend category with the Venmo credit card.
4. Budgeting and expense tracking
Some mobile wallets provide features to track spending and set budget limits. Users can easily monitor their expenses and gain insights into their spending habits, helping them make informed financial decisions.
You can see expenses by category or get reports on trends over time. This can help you manage a budget, cut costs, and stick to a budget.
Things to consider before using a mobile wallet
While mobile wallets offer a lot of simplicity and convenience, they’re not for everyone. Here’s why you might want an alternative to a mobile wallet:
1. Limited acceptance
Not all merchants or businesses accept mobile wallet payments. While some businesses will only accept cash or checks, others still need to update their credit card readers. If you shop in a new area, bring backup payment options, as digital wallets have yet to be universally accepted.
2. Dependency on technology
Mobile wallets rely on smartphones and internet connectivity. If a user’s phone battery dies or they do not have access to a reliable internet connection, they may be unable to pay using their mobile wallets.
Likewise, there are people who don’t always carry their phones with them. If you want to take a walk in nature without your phone and stop for a coffee on the way home, slip some cash or a credit card in your pocket.
3. Transaction errors or technical glitches
Mobile wallet transactions can sometimes encounter errors or technical glitches, leading to failed or delayed payments.
Likewise, merchants may have issues with their payment terminal which blocks a transaction. You’re stuck without a way to pay if you don’t have another payment option.
4. Limited cash withdrawal options
Users who accept transfers or payments from other people may need to transfer funds from their mobile wallets to a bank account to access cash, which can involve additional fees or waiting periods. PayPal, for example, usually takes two to three business days to transfer cash to your bank account unless you pay a fee.
Making Mobile Payments
Mobile payment options add ease of use, flexibility, and security. Whether you run to the store and forget your wallet or want to avoid carrying cash, a mobile wallet offers greater protection of your vital details and simplifies payments. Mobile wallets are here to stay; how you use them to fit your lifestyle can continuously evolve.
Are there any fees associated with using a mobile wallet?
Most mobile wallets are free, but some may have additional fees. Double-check fees before selecting a digital wallet.
Can mobile wallets store loyalty cards or coupons?
Yes. Many mobile wallets can store loyalty cards, coupons, or airline tickets.
What happens if you lose your smartphone with your mobile wallet?
If you lose your smartphone with a mobile wallet, you may be able to erase the phone from a distance via the phone’s manufacturer. You can also contact your wireless carrier to turn off your smartphone and all digital payment apps, blocking any access to personal information and sensitive data. If you have the international mobile equipment identity (IMEI) or mobile equipment identifier (MEID) number, this should be even easier.